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解决 yum clean all Error rpmdb open failed

导读本文档根据 rpmdb open failed 报错提供解决方案。报错
# 用 yum 安装软件时进程被终止,执行 yum clean all 操作报 rpmdb open failed 错误[[email protected] ~]# yum clean allError: rpmdb open failed
解决方法
[[email protected] ~]# cd /var/lib/rpm[[email protected] rpm]# lltotal 97412-rw-r--r--. 1 root root  1839104 Jul 11 06:45 Basenames-rw-r--r--. 1 root root     8192 Jul 11 06:41 Conflictname-rw-r--r--. 1 root root   270336 Jul 11 06:48 __db.001-rw-r--r--. 1 root root    81920 Jul 11 06:48 __db.002-rw-r--r--. 1 root root  1318912 Jul 11 06:48 __db.003-rw-r--r--. 1 root root   606208 Jul 11 06:45 Dirnames-rw-r--r--. 1 root root    16384 Jul 11 06:45 Group-rw-r--r--. 1 root root    12288 Jul 11 06:45 Installtid-rw-r--r--. 1 root root    28672 Jul 11 06:45 Name-rw-r--r--. 1 root root    16384 Jul 11 06:41 Obsoletename-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 93446144 Jul 11 06:45 Packages-rw-r--r--. 1 root root  1957888 Jul 11 06:45 Providename-rw-r--r--. 1 root root   180224 Jul 11 06:45 Requirename-rw-r--r--. 1 root root    49152 Jul 11 06:45 Sha1header-rw-r--r--. 1 root root    32768 Jul 11 06:45 Sigmd5-rw-r--r--. 1 root root     8192 Jul 11 06:41 Triggername[[email protected] rpm]# rm -rf __db.*    # 清除原 rpmdb 文件[[email protected] rpm]# rpm --rebuilddb  # 重建 rpm 数据库[[email protected] rpm]# yum clean all    # 清除所有 yum 缓存

如果以上方法未能解决问题,请按照下面的方法再继续操作:

# 检查 yum 源配置文件[[email protected] rpm]# cd /etc/yum.repos.d/[[email protected] yum.repos.d]# lltotal 40-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 1664 Nov 23  2018 CentOS-Base.repo-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 1309 Nov 23  2018 CentOS-CR.repo-rw-r--r--. 1 root root  649 Nov 23  2018 CentOS-Debuginfo.repo-rw-r--r--. 1 root root  314 Nov 23  2018 CentOS-fasttrack.repo-rw-r--r--. 1 root root  630 Nov 23  2018 CentOS-Media.repo-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 1331 Nov 23  2018 CentOS-Sources.repo-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 5701 Nov 23  2018 CentOS-Vault.repo-rw-r--r--. 1 root root  951 Oct  2  2017 epel.repo-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 1050 Oct  2  2017 epel-testing.repo# 更新 yum 源[[email protected] yum.repos.d]# yum update -y --skip-broken# 清除所有 yum 缓存[[email protected] yum.repos.d]# yum clean allLoaded plugins: fastestmirrorCleaning repos: base epel extras updatesCleaning up list of fastest mirrors# 重建 yum 缓存[[email protected] yum.repos.d]# yum makecacheLoaded plugins: fastestmirrorDetermining fastest mirrorsepel/x86_64/metalink                                                            | 7.1 kB  00:00:00      * base: mirrors.cn99.com * epel: mirror01.idc.hinet.net * extras: mirrors.cn99.com * updates: mirrors.cn99.combase                                                                            | 3.6 kB  00:00:00     epel                                                                            | 5.3 kB  00:00:00     extras                                                                          | 3.4 kB  00:00:00     updates                                                                         | 3.4 kB  00:00:00     (1/19): base/7/x86_64/group_gz                                                  | 166 kB  00:00:00     (2/19): epel/x86_64/group_gz                                                    |  88 kB  00:00:01     (3/19): base/7/x86_64/other_db                                                  | 2.6 MB  00:00:09     (4/19): base/7/x86_64/filelists_db                                              | 7.1 MB  00:00:48     (5/19): base/7/x86_64/primary_db                                                | 6.0 MB  00:00:48     (6/19): epel/x86_64/filelists_db                                                |  11 MB  00:01:03     (7/19): epel/x86_64/updateinfo                                                  | 991 kB  00:00:03     (8/19): epel/x86_64/prestodelta                                                 |  746 B  00:00:00     (9/19): epel/x86_64/primary_db                                                  | 6.7 MB  00:00:14     (10/19): epel/x86_64/other_db                                                   | 3.2 MB  00:00:03     (11/19): extras/7/x86_64/prestodelta                                            |  65 kB  00:00:00     (12/19): extras/7/x86_64/filelists_db                                           | 246 kB  00:00:01     (13/19): extras/7/x86_64/primary_db                                             | 205 kB  00:00:01     (14/19): epel/x86_64/updateinfo_zck                                             | 1.4 MB  00:00:01     (15/19): updates/7/x86_64/other_db                                              | 659 kB  00:00:04     (16/19): updates/7/x86_64/prestodelta                                           | 829 kB  00:00:06     (17/19): updates/7/x86_64/filelists_db                                          | 4.6 MB  00:00:10     extras/7/x86_64/other_db       FAILED                                           |  48 MB  00:00:30 ETA http://mirrors.njupt.edu.cn/centos/7.6.1810/extras/x86_64/repodata/1ec00fbe7ea9747f9fe6a967fd09fd6cc270834316dfb69d7a80097b4b9a0cd4-other.sqlite.bz2: [Errno 14] HTTP Error 302 - FoundTrying other mirror.(18/19): extras/7/x86_64/other_db                                               | 127 kB  00:00:01     (19/19): updates/7/x86_64/primary_db                                            | 6.5 MB  00:00:38     Metadata Cache Created
测试
[[email protected] yum.repos.d]# yum install -y wgetLoaded plugins: fastestmirrorLoading mirror speeds from cached hostfile * base: mirrors.cn99.com * epel: mirror01.idc.hinet.net * extras: mirrors.cn99.com * updates: mirrors.cn99.comResolving Dependencies--> Running transaction check---> Package wget.x86_64 0:1.14-18.el7_6.1 will be installed--> Finished Dependency ResolutionDependencies Resolved======================================================================================================= Package             Arch                  Version                        Repository              Size=======================================================================================================Installing: wget                x86_64                1.14-18.el7_6.1                updates                547 kTransaction Summary=======================================================================================================Install  1 PackageTotal download size: 547 kInstalled size: 2.0 MDownloading packages:wget-1.14-18.el7_6.1.x86_64.rpm                                                 | 547 kB  00:00:09     Running transaction checkRunning transaction testTransaction test succeededRunning transaction  Installing : wget-1.14-18.el7_6.1.x86_64                                                         1/1   Verifying  : wget-1.14-18.el7_6.1.x86_64                                                         1/1 Installed:  wget.x86_64 0:1.14-18.el7_6.1                                                                        Complete!# 已成功解决 Error: rpmdb open failed


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